It also illustrates other aspects of Lewin's general model of change.
Primary is its focus on turning the people involved into researchers, too - people learn best, and more willingly apply what they have learned, when they do it themselves. This indicates that the level of learning remained constant during both classroom instruction and independent study for these students.
Does it have a positive impact on student learning and performance? In most instances it will also be qualitative and participative to some extent. At each cycle the researchers challenge the emerging conclusions by vigorously pursuing disconfirming evidence.
At this point, the problem is re-assessed and the process begins another cycle. It is the cyclic nature of action research which allows responsiveness.
Orlando Fals-Borda —Colombian sociologist and political activist, was one of the principal promoters of participatory action research IAP in Spanish in Latin America.
He and his colleagues tended to focus more on large-scale, multi-organizational problems.