Using appendices in essays
This is because readers - depending on their needs - may never consult the appendix. Martin's Handbook.
New York: Kluwer Academic,pp. If there is a table of contents, the appendices must be listed.
Why is it included in the end and not within the main body of the paper? Always include the survey instrument or questionnaires in an appendix so the reader understands not only the questions asked but the sequence in which they were asked.
Using appendices in essays
New York: Kluwer Academic, , pp. Feeling Stuck on Your Essay? It includes those visual contents that you have created during the research. If needed, consult the writing style guide [e. In fact, to successfully structure and write an appendix, the writer needs to have a clear understanding of the purpose of the writing in order to make decisions about which material should remain in the body of the work, and which material should be sent to the appendix. Any tables and figures included in the appendix should be numbered as a separate sequence from the main paper. The second and following paragraphs are indented as "normal" paragraphs are. Common examples of information added to an appendix include: Raw data from tests Technical figures, graphs or tables Maps, charts or images Letters or emails used in research Sample questionnaires or surveys Full interview transcripts What these have in common is that you might need to refer to them in an essay without going into too much detail. The conclusion might explain the significance of the data, explain the related research methodology or make another relevant remark. Piwowar, Heather A. The central topic must be addressed within the main body of the text and all supporting arguments must not depend on material located in the appendix. If you have more than three appendices, consider listing them on a separate page at the beginning of your paper.
What can you include in an appendix? Remember that appendices contain non-essential information that, if removed, would not diminish a reader's ability to understand the research problem being investigated.
Format Here are some general guideline on how to format appendices. Format each entry according to the citation style guide that your professor or industry expects.
List of appendices example
Purdue University. Any tables and figures included in the appendix should be numbered as a separate sequence from the main paper. The heading should be "Appendix," followed by a letter or number [e. Appear in the table of contents at the beginning of your document How not to format appendices: as a pile of unsorted paper. Instruments used Your readers will find it useful if you mention the information regarding the instruments used in your research. The appendix can be a good place to put maps, photographs, diagrams, and other images, if you feel that it will help the reader to understand the content of your paper, while keeping in mind the study should be understood without them. In this case, a citation to the original work is sufficient enough to lead the reader to where you got the information. This is where you will need to use an appendix. Generally, though, appendices should: Appear at the end of your document, often after the reference list Be divided into sections depending on topic e. The full transcript from an interview is important so the reader can read the entire dialog between researcher and respondent. So you should note this in the appendix. Each appendix must be labeled with a letter A, B, C, etc. If it is, then it must be included in the main text. What can you include in an appendix? Importance of
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